As with other states in Malaysia, Penang also has its own government. Penang constitutional chaired by His Excellency the Head of State appointed by D.Y.M.M. His majesty the king. T.Y.T Speaker of implementing powers by the state legislature based on the advice of the Executive Council, chaired by the Honourable Chief Minister.
The Executive Council is the main governing body that is responsible to the Legislative Assembly, appointed through elections every five years. The Executive Council is assisted by the Office of the State Secretary and the Departments of State and Federal affairs in the performance of the state administration.
At the level of local government, the country is divided into two areas of the Municipality, which is located on the island known as the Council and on the mainland known as Seberang Perai Municipal Council.